How to teach a child to read: rules and techniques

How to teach a child to read: signs of readiness, rules and techniques

Most people don’t think about teaching a child to read until they decide to do it with their own children. Contrary to what most people think, reading is not a “natural” process that develops on its own. Learning to understand the meaning of the reading and the word in general is a laborious task that requires proper training in various skills and strategies, such as phonetics (knowledge of the relationship between letters and sounds) and phonemic hearing.

Although reading is a difficult process for a child, the many techniques that develop this skill are extremely simple, straightforward and, most importantly, fun. It is suggested that you familiarize yourself with the basic rules and methods of teaching a child to read.


How to understand that a child is ready

It is not worth starting to teach the child to read ahead of time. The following signs can tell that he is ready:

  • speaks in full-fledged phrases and understands their meaning;
  • knows how to distinguish sounds (experts call this phonetic hearing, for example, a child understands the difference between the words by ear);
  • pronounces all sounds and does not have speech therapy defects of speech;
  • distinguishes left from right and top from bottom (this is necessary for text orientation).

You can teach a child to read quickly, but it is important to make sure that he is ready for this difficult process. If the baby does not possess at least one of the skills that were listed above, then it is worth solving the problem first. Only then can you look for an easy way to teach your child to read and use various techniques.


Tips to Help Teach Children to Read

Below are some guidelines to demonstrate the correct approach to teaching reading. It is worth saying that these are extremely simple but effective tips that will contribute to the accelerated development of skills:

  1. Learn by example. If the culture of reading is developed in the family, then children from the earliest years will begin to be interested in books.
  2. Reading aloud and discussing. You can just start reading, say quotes from the book, and then look at the pictures together, ask what is drawn on them. Further, the questions become more extensive, and you ask the child to tell what will happen next or how he relates to the main character of the work.
  3. Start simple. Teaching a child to read begins with the assimilation of sounds, and then he can already speak words by syllable. To do this, choose sentences or phrases with repeating syllables: “mom”, “dad”, “nanny” and so on.
  4. Demonstrate that the letters are hiding everywhere. While walking on the street, ask your kid to name the first letters of store signs or advertising banners, try to read them.
  5. Games. An easy way to teach your child to read is to play. Special entertaining sets like cubes with letters or syllables will help you compose words in an injective way.
  6. Any free time for learning should be used. Whether you are sitting in the park or queuing at the hospital, take a book with children’s poems or fairy tales with you and read, show your child pictures.

The main thing is not to force. If the kid does not want to read at a certain moment, then there is no need to force him to do so. Learning through tears and violence will not be effective. That is why any modern practice, one way or another, is tied to games.


Reading teaching method

There are many techniques to help simplify the process of preparing your child for school. Some have appeared relatively recently, but a number of methods are time-tested. Perhaps the most popular and effective method to quickly teach a child to read is alphabet and primer.

This is a traditional but long journey. The advantage is that such books allow special pictures to be assigned to letters. For example, a whirligig will be displayed on the page with “U”, and a bow will be displayed in the “L” section. The alphabet will allow you to memorize letters, syllables and even learn a few simple rhymes.

Next, go to the ABC book. This book already consistently teaches the kid to combine sounds and pronounce syllables, to make up the first words from them. The process requires concentration not only from the child, but also from the parents or caregivers themselves. Nevertheless, working with the primer and alphabet is extremely effective if taught correctly.

Many author’s textbooks are now available. However, teachers and parents believe that it is Zhukova’s primer that is more effective than the rest. The compiler teaches toddlers not only to pronounce sounds, but also explains how to turn them into syllables.

In Vision kindergarten, we teach a child to read not only in Russian, but also in English. From the very beginning, the children find themselves in an English-speaking environment, which contributes to a quick understanding of letters, sounds, syllables and words. Learning a second language trains memory, so there are no problems with reading in Russian.